Prepare before an earthquake strikes, not after. Stock up on emergency food (freeze-dried food), water and an emergency kit for each family member. Remember, do not eat or drink anything from open compartments particularly if it’s in proximity to broken glass. If the water supply to your home is away, you can drink out of the water heater, or from melted ice cubes and canned vegetables. If possible, use water filtration bottles and water purification tablets to clean all of the water before consumption.
Step 2 – Drop, Cover & Hold On If you are indoors, stay put. Get under a desk or table and hold on. Avoid windows and unstable material like furniture, appliances, knives, etc.. Try not to run from a shaking building. Falling debris may hit you before you make it out.
It does not take long for a building to begin to crumble. Especially for older structures that are not up to current building codes. Newer buildings and bridges are structurally designed to mitigate the effects of earthquakes. They are designed to sway and move with the motion instead of being rigid and breaking up.
If you are outside, get beyond any limiting influence, far from structures, electrical wires, smokestacks, and anything else that may fall on you.
Step 4 – What to do if your driving
In case you’re driving, gradually come to a stop. Move your vehicle out-of-the-way of any action (building, moving vehicles, etc.) and do not stop under any scaffold, bridge, tree, light post or signs. Remain inside your car until the point that the vibration stops. Following the trembling stops, and if necessary utilize the first aid supplies on your roadside emergency kit and look for aid. When you continue, be careful and keep an eye out for any obstructions on the road.
Step 5 – What to do if your close mountains
In case you’re in hilly land, watch out for falling rocks, avalanches, trees, and other debris that could be freed by the tremors.
If you can, put on a couple of sturdy thick-soled shoes (in case you step on broken glass, garbage, and so on.)
Step 7 – Watch out for aftershocks
Be aware of the possibility of aftershocks. Another larger tremor may happen when you least suspect it.
The best way is to survive an earthquake is to prepare before it strikes, not after. Get an emergency kit and make a family emergency plan.